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VineTutor’s Mega-list of Wine Grapes and Styles

Are you curious about the hundreds of different wines in the world, their flavors, and history? Or maybe you want to be able to have a more knowledgeable conversation about rare wines. With 150+ entries, this list has you covered.

You can use this list in several ways. Additionally, you can search the list for specific grape flavors and qualities to help you find new varietals that interest you. Use it as a study tool to improve your overall wine knowledge.

There are tens of thousands of grape varieties in the world. Universities and vineyard operations are creating new varietals all of the time. But, this list will help you stand out from the crowd.

titleSweetHypersensitiveSensitiveTolerantAlcoholAlcohol Leveltextflavor 1flavor 2flavor 3flavor 4flavor 5SweetnessBodyBody + colorTanninAcidtext
Cavanoyesyesno10–11.5% abvlowcava is the premier sparkling of spain. the wine uses a similar quality tier system to champagne but champions several of spain’s native grapes including macabeu (viura), xarel-lo, and parellada.quincelimeappleflowersnutsdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninhigh acidityA sparkling wine with low alcohol and with flavors of lime and flowers
Beaujolaisnonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa french region just south of bourgogne that’s devoted to gamay-based wines. most beaujolais are simple, rustic reds, but the 10 crus offer exceptional quality.pomegranateblackberryvioletearthbananadrymedium-light bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with low alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and earth
Melonnoyesyesno10–11.5% abvlowmelon or melon de bourgogne is the grape of the muscadet region of france, known for its lean, mineral, and saline driven white wines that pair famously with seafood.limesea shellapplepearyeastvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with low alcohol and with flavors of sea shell and pear
Cap Classiquenonoyesno10–11.5% abvlownulllemoncherrygingercreamyeastdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninhigh acidityA sparkling wine with low alcohol and with flavors of cherry and cream
vouvraynonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa regional wine from france’s loire valley dedicated to the production of wines from the chenin blanc grape; available in an array of styles from dry to sweet, and still to sparkling.lemonapricotpearhoneyflowersdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninhigh acidityA sparkling wine with low alcohol and with flavors of apricot and honey
Ice Wineyesnoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa sweet, late harvest wine that can only be made when grapes naturally freeze in the vineyard at a minimum -8°c/17.6°f. popular varieties include riesling, vidal, and cabernet franc.pineapplelemonhoneysuckleapricotlycheevery sweetmedium-full bodydessertlow tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with low alcohol and with flavors of lemon and apricot
Palomino Finonoyesyesno10–11.5% abvlowpalomino is the prized pony in the sherry triangle; most notably jerez, where it grows on chalky soils called albariza (al-bah-ree-tha,) and is used in making sherry. a few still, dry, single-varietal wines exist and expound saltiness.lemonjackfruitalmondsalinemushroomvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with low alcohol and with flavors of jackfruit and saline
Gamaynonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa fruity, floral and sometimes earthy light-bodied red that is the main variety planted in beaujolais. outside of france, gamay has a tiny but devoted following.pomegranateblackberryvioletearthflowersdrymedium-light bodylight-bodied redlow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with low alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and earth
Catawbanonoyesno10–11.5% abvlownullgrapewatermelonstrawberryflowerspetrolslightly sweetmedium bodyrosélow tanninmedium acidityA rosé wine with low alcohol and with flavors of watermelon and flowers
Lambruscononoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa family of 8 closely related grape varieties native to italy that are made into sparkling wines, ranging from delicately colored rosés to deeply colored reds.strawberryblackberryrhubarbflowersearthdrymedium-light bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with low alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and flowers
Muscadinenonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowmuscadine (vitis rotundifolia) is a north american grape species that’s naturally high in polyphenols (antioxidants). wines are exceptionally challenging to make well, given that so few are doing it.bananaapplelimecranberryrubber cementslightly sweetmedium bodyrosémedium tanninmedium acidityA rosé wine with low alcohol and with flavors of apple and cranberry
Loureironoyesyesno10–11.5% abvlowone of the major grapes used in the wines of the northern portuguese wine region vinho verde. the wines are bright and display aromas of peach, ripe citrus and white blossom.grapefruitlimelimeherbssalinedrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with low alcohol and with flavors of lime and herbs
Listán Negrononoyesno10–11.5% abvlowmost notably found in spain’s canary islands, this dark skinned red grape is also found in peru, where it is known as negra peruana and used for the production of pisco.cherrystrawberrybananaspicesmokedrymedium bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with low alcohol and with flavors of strawberry and spice
Schiavanonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa group of several varieties, the finest of which is called schiava gentile. wines are sweetly aromatic and light-bodied with aromas reminiscent to cotton candy and roses.strawberryraspberryroselemonsmokedrymedium-light bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with low alcohol and with flavors of raspberry and lemon
Trentononoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa regional sparkling wine from northern italy dedicated to making wines using the champagne method. chardonnay features prominently in these bubbly wines although you’ll occasionally find pinot noir, pinot blanc, or pinot meunier blended in.citrusapplecherrynutstoastdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninhigh acidityA sparkling wine with low alcohol and with flavors of apple and nuts
Crémantnonoyesno10–11.5% abvlownulllemonpeachcherrynutstoastdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninhigh acidityA sparkling wine with low alcohol and with flavors of peach and nuts
Franciacortanonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowa regional sparkling wine from northern italy. made in several styles, using the same method and grapes as champagne, with the addition of pinot blanc.lemonpeachcherrynutstoastdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninhigh acidityA sparkling wine with low alcohol and with flavors of peach and nuts
Champagnenonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowthe most iconic sparkling wine in the world is a blend of grapes including chardonnay, pinot noir, and pinot meunier. the most treasured champagne wines age for a minimum of 3 years.citrusapplecreamalmondtoastdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninhigh acidityA sparkling wine with low alcohol and with flavors of apple and almond
Vinho verdenoyesyesno10–11.5% abvlowa regional wine blend from portugal offered in both white, rosé and red styles. the most popular style is a fun, fruity white that usually has a touch of spritz.lemonadegrapefruitlimeappleflowersdrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with low alcohol and with flavors of grapefruit and apple
Pinot Meuniernonoyesno10–11.5% abvlowthis fruity red grape is mostly seen as a chief blending partner in the world’s most popular sparkling wine, champagne.very drymedium-light bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with low alcohol and with flavors of cherry and raspberry
Erbalucenoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma rarely encountered piedmontese varietal; vinified usually as a light-bodied, high acid white wine, also sometimes made into sweet wines using the passito method.starfruitgooseberrypeppermelonnutsvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of gooseberry and melon
Cortesenoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumnulllemonapplemelonsea shellnutsvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apple and sea shell
Falanghinanonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumtwo unique varieties (falanghina beneventana and falanghina flegrea) define campania’s signature white. wines are zesty with peach fruit, minerals, and almond notes.lemoncitruspeachhoneynutsdrymedium-light bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of citrus and honey
Valpolicellanonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthe region’s most famous wine, amarone della valpolicella, partially dries grapes to increase concentration in a process called appasimento. corvina is the darling grape of the valpo blend and known for its flavors of cherries and chocolate.cherrycinnamonchocolatepeppernutsdrymedium bodymedium-bodied redlow tanninhigh acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of cinnamon and pepper
Vinsantoyesnoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumconfusingly, not italy’s vin santo, vinsanto is a greek sweet wine made in a passito style (sun-dried grapes) and known mostly from santorini where it’s made with assyrtiko.apricotcherrybell peppercaramelorange peelvery sweetfull bodydessertmedium tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of cherry and caramel
Cinsaultnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumone of the minor grapes found in rhône blends and provençal rosés; cinsault delivers fresh, punchy reds that are just as floral as they are fruity.raspberrycurrantcherryflowersteadrymedium-light bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of currant and flowers
Chablisnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma wine region in northern burgundy that is as close to champagne as it is to burgundy, producing a leaner style of chardonnay generally with less oak use.quincestarfruitlimeflowerschalkvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of starfruit and flowers
Arintononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuman indigenous grape to portugal that produces exceptional, age-worthy whites with the ability to evolve over 7 or more years; revealing flavors of beeswax and nuts.lemongrapefruitnutsbeeswaxflowersvery drymedium-light bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of grapefruit and beeswax
Cabernet Francnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumcabernet franc is the parent grape of both merlot and cabernet sauvignon. complex reds result, with aromas of raspberry, bramble, and bell pepper (pyrazines).strawberryraspberrygreen peppergravelpepperdrymedium bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of raspberry and gravel
St. Laurentnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumlikely originating in austria, this small berried vine yields cherry flavoured wines that have been compared to a deeper coloured, beefier version of pinot noir.raspberryblackberrytobaccospicechocolatedrymedium bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and spice
Zweigeltnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumaustria’s most planted red wine grape and is a cross between blaufränkisch and st. laurent (tastes like pinot noir). resulting wines are bright, tart, and fruity.cherryraspberrypepperlicoricechocolatedrymedium-light bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of raspberry and licorice
Torrontésnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumargentina’s very own white is actually a group of 3 varieties that are offspring of muscat of alexandria. of the 3 varieties torrontés riojano is considered the best.lemonpeachroseflowersorangedrymedium-light bodyaromatic whitelow tanninmedium acidityA aromatic white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of peach and flowers
Chiantinonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthe world-renowned tuscan, sangiovese-based wine was originally sold in straw-wrapped bottles called fiascos. chianti wines have many classifications by region and aging regime.cherryplumtomatoleatherclayvery drymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of plum and leather
Frappatononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma rare, fruity find from sicily, frappato bursts with aromas of sweet red berries and incense spice. it’s sometimes blended with nero d’avola to add complexity.strawberrypomegranatepeppertobaccoclaydrymedium-light bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of pomegranate and tobacco
Fernão Piresnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma top white grape in portugal known in some areas as maria gomez. wines deliver high intensity floral aromas and medium body. more recently it’s been successfully blended with viognier.limepeachorangeflowersspiced plumdrymedium-light bodyaromatic whitelow tanninlow acidityA aromatic white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of peach and flowers
Bobalnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthis under-the-radar grape happens to be the 2nd most planted red wine in spain. wines are loved for their fruity flavors, soft tannins, and velvety finish.blackberrypomegranatelicoriceteachocolatedrymedium bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of pomegranate and tea
Proseccononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumitaly’s most popular sparkling wine is created mostly in veneto and friuli-venezia giulia. the best prosecco wines come from the smaller sub-region of valdobiaddene.melonpearlagercreamdrylight bodysparklinglow tanninmedium acidityA sparkling wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of melon and lager
Nerello Mascalesenonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma rare red sicilian grape producing fine light to medium-bodied red wines reminiscent of pinot noir. the best examples are found growing on the volcanic soils of mount etna.cherryorangeherbsspicegravelvery drymedium-light bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of orange and spice
Friulanonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumofficially called sauvignonasse, this lean, dry, herbal white is often mistaken for sauvignon blanc. you’ll find it in abundance in northeastern italy in friuli-venezia giulia.grapefruitpearpeachherbsgraveldrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of pear and herbs
Grüner Veltlinernoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumaustria’s most important wine is produced in a myriad of styles, the most popular of which are lean, herbaceous, and peppery wines with mouth-watering acidity.starfruitgooseberrygreen beanpeppergraveldrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of gooseberry and pepper
Vermentinonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumvermentino is an important white of sardinia and tuscany where producers offer both oaked and unoaked styles. it’s also one of the top white blending grapes included in provence rosé (labeled as rolle).limegrapefruitgreen applenutsflowersdrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of grapefruit and nuts
Rkatsitelinoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma popular dry white wine in eastern europe all the way to georgia where producers use ancient winemaking techniques to produce intensely flavored oxidative wines.pineapplelimeresinherbsfenneldrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of lime and herbs
Sancerrenoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma regional wine from the loire valley of central france. wines are mostly sauvignon blanc (and very rarely: pinot noir). sauvignon blanc is exceptionally lean and textured from sancerre’s chalky soils.gooseberrygrapefruitmelonhayflintdrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of grapefruit and hay
Silvanernoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuman undervalued white wine primarily found in germany. silvaner wines deliver boisterous peach-like fruit contrasted by subtle herbal flavors. fans of pinot gris will delight.peachpassion fruitorangethymeflintdrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of passion fruit and thyme
Müller-Thurgaunonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma cross between riesling and madeleine royal, the vines are known to be hyper-productive and thus, most wines are somewhat boring. that said, quality minded wineries offer müller-thurgau with the same complexity as fine riesling.peachroselemonlimeflintslightly sweetlight bodyaromatic whitelow tanninmedium acidityA aromatic white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of rose and lime
Aligoténoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumaligoté is burgundy’s “other” white grape, more rarely encountered than chardonnay; yielding light, citrusy wines. it is also the traditional base ingredient for the kir cocktail.applepeachflowerssmokeherbsvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of peach and smoke
Sauternaisyesnoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma group of rare dessert wines from bordeaux made with sémillon, sauvignon blanc, and muscadelle grapes infected with a special kind of rot called botrytis cinerea that concentrates the grape sugars.marmaladeapricotquincehoneygingervery sweetfull bodydessertlow tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apricot and honey
Graševinanoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumgraševina, a.k.a. welschriesling, is the most widely planted white grape in croatia, but confusingly has no link to german riesling. wines are typically neutral and easy drinking.applecitruspineapplemangogingerdrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of citrus and mango
Bonardanonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumnot the same grape as bonarda from italy, this bonarda (aka charbono or douce noir) grows alongside malbec in argentina where it produces equally fruity, smooth red wines.plumcherrycardamomfiggraphitevery drymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of cherry and fig
viuranoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthe most important white grape of rioja where wines evolve over 10 or more years. in catalonia, viura is called macabeo and is the primary blending grape in cava sparkling wines.honeydewlimelemongrasstarragonnutsvery drymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of lime and tarragon
Pinot Noirnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumpinot noir is the world’s most popular light-bodied red wine. it’s loved for its red fruit, flower, and spice aromas that are accentuated by a long, smooth finish.cherryraspberrymushroomvanillaflowersdrymedium bodylight-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of raspberry and vanilla
Orange Winenonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthe name is a bit of a misnomer because this wine isn’t made with oranges, but rather white grapes that have been fermented on their skins, much like red wine.bruisedjackfruitlinseed oiljuniperhoneyvery drymedium-full bodyfull-bodied whitemedium tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of jackfruit and juniper
Catarrattonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumnulllemonapplepeachflowershoneydrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apple and flowers
Chenin Blancnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumit’s hard not to love chenin blanc; given its diversity of styles from lean, dry whites and aromatic sparklers, to sweet golden nectars as well as rich brandies.quinceapplepearchamomilehoneydrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apple and chamomile
Vidalnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma french hybrid grape, known principally for its use in ice wine making in canada. the vines are ideal for ice wine, as they are incredibly hardy and suited to harsh winters.currantpineapplemelonlycheeflowersslightly sweetmedium bodyaromatic whitelow tanninhigh acidityA aromatic white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of pineapple and lychee
White Bordeauxnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma white blend that’s dominated by sémillon and sauvignon blanc, along with other grape varieties that are native to the bordeaux region of france.grapefruitgooseberrylemonherbslemongrassdrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of gooseberry and herbs
Tokaji Aszúyesnoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma notable hungarian sweet wine made mostly of furmint grapes that are affected by a special rot called botrytis cinerea. the rot concentrates the grape’s sugars and adds distinct aromas of ginger and saffron.tangerineapricothoneygingermarzipanvery sweetmedium bodydessertlow tanninhigh acidityA dessert wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apricot and ginger
Montepulcianononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma popular italian red grape found mostly labeled as montepulciano d’abruzzo. the best examples deliver complex black fruit flavors and a smoky-sweet finish.plumblackberryherbsspicemesquitedrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and spice
Arneisnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumarneis (“little rascal”) owes its existence, in part, from the efforts of one winemaker, alfredo currado of the vietti family, who brought it back from scarcity.peachapplehoneynutsnutmegvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apple and nuts
Agiorgitikononoyesyes11.5–13.5% abvmediumthe most widely planted red grape of greece offers a wide range of styles, from rosé to red. the most exceptional agiorgitiko wines are the full-bodied reds from nemea.raspberryblackberryplumpeppernutmegvery drymedium-full bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and pepper
Sauvignon Blancnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma popular and unmistakable white that’s loved for its “green” herbal flavors and sky high acidity. sauvignon blanc grows nearly everywhere and is produced in a variety of methods resulting in a wide that range from lean to bountiful.gooseberrymelongrapefruitwhite peachpassion fruitdrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of melon and white peach
Furmintnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumfurmint is one of the most important hungarian varieties famously used in tokaji aszú dessert wines, but also available as a dry wine in a similar in style to riesling.lemonapplegingersmokegreen pepperdrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apple and smoke
Fianonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma fascinating southern italian white with a richer, almost waxy texture that’s known to be age worthy. it’s easy to find labeled as fiano di avellino from campania.melonpearhazelnutorangepinedrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of pear and orange
Xarel-lonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumone of the three main grapes used in the production of sparkling cava (along with parellada and macabeo). xarel-lo is noted to complement the richness of macabeo (aka viura) with high acidity.lemonpeachlimegingernutsvery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of peach and ginger
Encruzadononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma rare portuguese white wine with exceptional quality and ability to be aged in oak, giving it a similar taste to white burgundy; it shows a distinct, slatey minerality.grapefruitlemonhazelnutgingerresinvery drymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of lemon and ginger
Savatianononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumgreece’s most planted variety is starting to make a comeback as more winemakers focus on quality producing richer, full-bodied white wines reminiscent of chardonnay.applemelonlimelemonresindrymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninlow acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of melon and lemon
Cserszegi F?szeresnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumnullpeachelderflowergrapelycheeroseslightly sweetmedium-light bodyaromatic whitelow tanninmedium acidityA aromatic white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of elderflower and lychee
Airénnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumspain’s most widely planted grape is primarily used for brandy, save for a few producers who have revitalized the drought-resistant old bush vines for winemaking.applepineapplegrapefruitbananarosedrymedium-light bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninlow acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of pineapple and banana
Paísnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthe chilean name for the spanish grape, listán prieto. it’s been used mostly for bulk rosé until recently, where quality-minded, natural winemakers are launching tart, high-tannin reds made from país old vines.cherrygrapeanisemeatherbsvery drymedium bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninlow acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of grape and meat
Picpoulnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma very old french white wine variety that’s recently become increasingly popular for its lip-zapping white wines that pair perfectly with shellfish and fried foods.applecitruslemonherbssalinedrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of citrus and herbs
Vernaccia di San Gimignanonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumhailing from tuscany, this white grape is also the varietal in the tuscan regional wine with the same name. wines are bright, citrusy and crisp, and lend a slight bitter note on the finish.applepeachlemonnutssalinedrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of peach and nuts
Verdicchionoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma fascinating white found primarily in the marche of italy where verdicchio wines are loved for their sweet, peachy aromatics and somewhat oily texture.peachlemonnutsoilsalinedrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of lemon and oil
Albariñonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumone of the most delightfully refreshing whites from the iberian peninsula, mostly found growing in cooler areas close to the sea where it attains briny flavours.lemongrapefruithoneydeworangesalinedrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of grapefruit and orange
Grillonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumat home in sicily; the table wines that result are full in body, with a floral, herbal aroma. a major component of sicily’s fortified flagship wine: marsala.grapefruitcitrusthymemineralssalinevery drymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of citrus and minerals
Garganeganoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuman important italian white that’s loved for its lean, dry style that gains rich tangerine and toasted almond notes as it ages. garganega is the main grape of soave (swah-vay.)peachmelontangerineherbssalinedrymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of melon and herbs
Sémillonnonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuman important white grape of bordeaux, including the prized dessert wine, sauternes. wines can be surprisingly rich and when oaked, can taste similar to chardonnay.lemonbeeswaxpeachflowerssalinedrymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of beeswax and flowers
Grechettonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthe primary grape in italy’s well-known orvieto wines from umbria and lazio. this white fuller in body and if you close your eyes, it will remind you of rosé!peachmelonstrawberryflowerssea shellvery drymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of melon and flowers
Refoscononoyesyes11.5–13.5% abvmediuma family of closely related varieties found northern italy and neighboring slovenia with genetic links to the grapes of valpolicella. wines range in body and style but usually feature deep color and elevated acidity.cherrydried herbsespressospicesmokedrymedium-full bodyfull-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of dried herbs and spice
Chasselasnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma swiss variety which yields fairly neutral wines that tend to showcase their origin more so than other grapes, based on the terroir in which they grow.appleapplemelonmintsmokevery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of apple and mint
Baganonoyesyes11.5–13.5% abvmediumeven though a large proportion of baga is used in portugal’s leading value wine, mateus rosé, the grape can produce age-worthy reds and complex sparkling rosé.blackberrycurrantcherrycocoatardrymedium-full bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninhigh acidityA full-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of currant and cocoa
Ribolla Giallanonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuman ancient white variety from northern italy, bordering slovenia. rarely seen elsewhere, wines are typically light in body and offer fruity, floral aromas, as well as bright acidity.appletangerinecitrusbeeswaxherbsdrymedium-light bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of tangerine and beeswax
Gaglioppononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma delicious, rare find from calabria that is the child grape of sangiovese and sibling to sicily’s nerello mascalese. wines often deliver dusty fruit flavors.raspberrycurrantclayleathertobaccovery drymedium bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of currant and leather
Carménèrenonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumnullraspberrygreen pepperplumspicevanilladrymedium bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of green pepper and spice
Dolcettononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumin piedmont, dolcetto’s home, the name means “little sweet one.” funny enough, wines are generally tart with loads black fruit flavors and occasionally aggressive tannins.black plumblackberrycocoapepperflowersdrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninlow acidityA medium-bodied red wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and pepper
Rosénonoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumrosé was once only thought of as fruity and cloying; these dry and mineral driven pink wines (that contain a plethora of grapes) have proven that rosé can be serious. seriously delicious.strawberrymelonrosecelerymelondrylight bodyrosélow tanninmedium acidityA rosé wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of melon and celery
Verdejonoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuman herbaceous white wine that grows almost exclusively in the rueda region of spain. not to be confused with verdelho, a portuguese grape used in primarily in madeira.limemelongrapefruitfennelpeachdrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of melon and fennel
Moschofilerononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediuma richly aromatic white wine that hails from the small region of mantíneia, close to tripoli in peloponnese, greece.slightly sweetmedium-light bodyaromatic whitelow tanninmedium acidityA aromatic white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of lemon and orange blossom
Colombardnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumthis fairly neutral grape, once preferred solely for brandy production (notably armagnac) is planted globally. generally blended with other grapes, easy-drinking table wines result.drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of peach and melon
Pinot Grisnoyesyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumpinot gris (aka pinot grigio) is a pinkish grape mutation of pinot noir. it’s famously known for zesty white wines, but can also be used for rosé. look to northern italy, oregon, and alsace for benchmark examples.drymedium-light bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of lime and lemon
Trebbiano Toscanononoyesno11.5–13.5% abvmediumone of the top wine grapes of italy and france (where it’s called ugni blanc). that said, you’d never realize it because trebbiano is mostly used in brandy and balsamic vinegar production!drymedium-light bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with medium alcohol and with flavors of lemon and stone
Bandolnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhighbandol is a tiny appellation within provence, france that is most famous for its rich, peppery, and meaty red wines made almost exclusively with mourvèdre.blackberrychocolategamepepperspiced plumvery dryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of chocolate and pepper
Marsannenonoyesno13.5–15% abvhigha primary blending grape in white rhône blends that also include roussanne, grenache blanc and sometimes viognier. a great alternative to chardonnay.quinceorangeapricotacaciabeeswaxdrymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninlow acidityA full-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of orange and acacia
Sagrantinononoyesyes13.5–15% abvhigha rare, central-italian red found mostly in umbria. it’s recently been noted to contain some of the highest polyphenol (antioxidants) levels of of any red wine.plumlicoriceteaolivepeppervery dryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of licorice and olive
Blaufränkischnonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighrich black fruit is contrasted by peppery flavors and boisterous acidity in this food-friendly austrian red. blaufränkisch is a parent grape of both gamay and zweigelt.blackberrycherrychocolateallspicepepperdrymedium bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of cherry and allspice
Barberanonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighbarolo is what everyone talks about from piedmont, but barbera is what everyone drinks! this everyday red can be found in vineyards around the world.cherrylicoriceblackberryherbspeppervery drymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninhigh acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of licorice and herbs
Verdelhonoyesyesno13.5–15% abvhighthis portuguese native is one of the four key grapes used in the production of madeira; it is found little elsewhere, though select australian producers are making quality wines.gooseberrypineapplegingermelonnutsdrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of pineapple and melon
White Rhônenonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighthe rare white wines of the rhône valley offer a terrific alternative for chardonnay lovers. wines are typically a blend of marsanne and roussanne with a little viognier and grenache blanc thrown in.lemonapricotbeeswaxorangeyeastdrymedium-light bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninlow acidityA full-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of apricot and orange
Roussannenonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighan intriguing, rare full-bodied white found mostly in southern france where it’s blended into white blends with grenache blanc, marsanne and sometimes viognier.lemonapricotbeeswaxchamomileyeastdrymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of apricot and chamomile
Chardonnaynonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighone of the world’s most popular grapes, chardonnay is made in a wide range of styles from lean, sparkling blanc de blancs to rich, creamy white wines aged in oak.applestarfruitpineapplevanillabutterdrymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of starfruit and vanilla
Nero d’Avolanonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhighsicily’s most important red wine variety is often likened to cabernet sauvignon due to its full-bodied style and flavors of black cherry and tobacco.cherryplumlicoricetobaccopepperdrymedium-full bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and tobacco
Nortonnonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighan american hybrid of vitis vinifera and vitis aestivalis that shows excellent promise for winemaking in america’s midwest. wines are often rich with both fruity and savory flavors.currantcherrydillpepperchocolatedrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of cherry and pepper
Brunello di Montalcinononoyesno13.5–15% abvhighbrunello di montalcino is of italy’s top regional red wines, first labeled as such in 1865 by biondi-santi. wines are made with a special clone of sangiovese.cherryplumleatherherbsclayvery drymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and herbs
Nebbiolononoyesno13.5–15% abvhighone of italy’s most important red wine varieties made famous by the barolo region of piedmont where wines offer delicate aromas accompanied by strong tannins.cherryroseleatheraniseclayvery drymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of rose and anise
Malbecnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhighargentina’s most important variety came by way of france, where it’s commonly called côt (sounds like “coat”). wines are loved for their rich, dark fruit flavors and smooth chocolatey finish.plumblackberryvanillatobaccochocolatedryfull bodyfull-bodied redmedium tanninlow acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and tobacco
Mencíanonoyesno13.5–15% abvhigha red variety from the iberian peninsula (spain and portugal) that’s quickly developing a following. it’s loved for its heady aromatics and potential to age.cherrypomegranatelicoriceblackberrygraveldrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of pomegranate and blackberry
Pinot Blancnoyesyesno13.5–15% abvhighpinot blanc is the white grape mutation of pinot noir. it’s found mostly in germany and northern italy where wines are refreshing, peachy, and dry.pearpeachnutslemongraveldrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of peach and lemon
Concordnonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighan american grape of the vitis labrusca species from concord, massachusetts; it is the most planted grape in new york, but used more for juice and flavoring than winemaking.grapeplum saucemuskearthspiceslightly sweetmedium-full bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum sauce and earth
Carignannonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighnullcranberryraspberrytobaccospicemeatdrymedium bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of raspberry and spice
Prioratnonoyesno13.5–15% abvhigha spanish regional wine blend known largely for its full, dusty red wines made primarily from grenache and carignan. the best age a minimum of five years before release and some include merlot and cabernet sauvignon for additional complexity.cherryplumgravellicoricechocolatedrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and licorice
Tempranillononoyesno13.5–15% abvhighspain’s top red wine, made famous by rioja, where wines are classified (in part) by how long they age in oak. what’s amazing, is a well-made tempranillo ages for over 20 years.cherryfigcedartobaccoherbsdrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of fig and tobacco
Red Bordeauxnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhigha red blend that’s dominated by cabernet sauvignon and merlot, along with several other grape varieties native to the bordeaux region of france.currantcherrygraphitechocolateherbsvery dryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of cherry and chocolate
Negroamarononoyesno13.5–15% abvhigha red wine that grows in abundance in puglia but almost nowhere else; producing wines with rich black fruit flavors with a distinct finish of dried herbs.cherryplumblackberrypruneherbsdrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and prune
Gewürztraminernonoyesno13.5–15% abvhightreasured for its intense floral aromas, gewürztraminer has thrived for centuries around germany. quality examples are ageworthy, but most are best enjoyed in their youth to preserve acidity.lycheerosegrapefruittangerinegingerslightly sweetmedium bodyaromatic whitelow tanninlow acidityA aromatic white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of rose and tangerine
Cabernet Sauvignonnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhighthe world’s most popular red wine grape is a natural cross between cabernet franc and sauvignon blanc from bordeaux, france. cabernet sauvignon is loved for its high concentration and age worthiness.cherrycurrantcedarspicegraphitedryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of currant and spice
Corvinanonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighnullcherrycinnamonchocolatepeppernutsdrymedium bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of cinnamon and pepper
Syrahnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhigha rich, powerful, and sometimes meaty red wine that originated in the rhône valley of france. syrah is the most planted grape of australia where they call it shiraz.blueberryplumchocolatetobaccopepperdryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and tobacco
Red Rhônenonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighgsm stands for grenache, syrah, and mourvèdre – three important grapes grown in the côtes du rhône region of france. today, this blend is produced throughout the world and is loved for its complex red fruit flavors and age-worthy potential.raspberryblackberryrosemaryspiceflowersdrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and spice
Barolononoyesyes13.5–15% abvhighpiedmont’s most famous red wine is made with 100% nebbiolo grapes. its translucent brick-red color, deceptively light body, and floral aromas contrast its dense tannin structure.raspberrycherryrosetarlicoricevery dryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninhigh acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of cherry and tar
Castelãononoyesno13.5–15% abvhighnullcurrantplumstrawberrymeatmochadrymedium bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and meat
Red Riojanonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighspain’s most famous regional wine featuring tempranillo grapes. wines are known for their savory, dusty flavors and ability to age. rioja is one of few european winemaking zones that enlists the use of american oak barrels.cherryplumdillvanillaleatherdrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and vanilla
Touriga Francanonoyesno13.5–15% abvhigha northern portuguese native, used mainly in port wine production, as well as blended table wines of the dão. wines are deep in colour, with floral, red-fruit flavours.blackberrycherrygraphiterosepepperdrymedium bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of cherry and rose
Mourvèdrenonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhigha deeply bold, smoky red wine found in abundance in central spain and southern france (where it’s known as mourvèdre). monastrell is the “m” in the rhône / gsm blend.blackberrypeppercocoatobaccomeatdryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of pepper and tobacco
Viogniernonoyesno13.5–15% abvhigha rich, oily white wine that originated in the northern rhône and is rapidly growing in popularity in california, australia, and beyond. wines are often age in oak to deliver chardonnay-like richness.tangerinepeachmangohoneysucklerosedrymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninlow acidityA full-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of peach and honeysuckle
Petit verdotnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhighconsidered a minor blending grape in bordeaux, petit verdot has shown promise as a single-varietal wine in warmer climates where it makes smooth full-bodied reds.cherryplumvioletlilacherbsdryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and lilac
Godellonoyesyesno13.5–15% abvhigha rare grape with great potential from the iberian peninsula delivers mouth-watering flavors of briny grapefruit. the best examples offer smoky minerality.grapefruitlemonquincegravelsalinevery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of lemon and gravel
Assyrtikonoyesyesno13.5–15% abvhighnative to santorini, assyrtiko is a rare grape in terms of vineyard area, but is quickly picking up acreage throughout greece. noted for its texture, acidity, and minerality.limepassion fruitbeeswaxflintsalinevery drylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of passion fruit and flint
Malvasia Finayesnoyesno13.5–15% abvhighmalvasia fina, or boal, as it is known on the island of madeira is one of the four main grapes used in madeira production. in table wines, full aromatics and alcohol are of note.peachflowersnutsherbssea shellsweetmedium-light bodydessertlow tanninlow acidityA dessert wine with high alcohol and with flavors of flowers and herbs
Aglianicononoyesyes13.5–15% abvhighif nebbiolo is king of northern italy, then aglianico is king of the south. a wine with incredible quality, and a unique savory flavor that’s best enjoyed aged.peppercherrysmokegameplumvery dryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of cherry and game
Sangiovesenonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighitaly’s most planted wine variety and the pride of the tuscan regional wine, chianti. sangiovese is a sensitive grape that takes on different stylistic expressions based on where it grows.cherrytomatoherbscoffeebalsamicvery drymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of tomato and coffee
Alicante Bouschetnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhigha rare type of grape that has both red skins and red flesh, known as a teinturier. created when french botanist, henri bouschet, crossed grenache with petit bouschet.cherryblackberryblackpeppertobaccodryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and pepper
Grenache Blancnonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighgrenache blanc is a color mutation of grenache producing full-bodied white wines that are sometimes aged in oak to delivery toasty, creamy, dill-like flavors.plumpearlemonflowerstoastvery drymedium bodyfull-bodied whitelow tanninlow acidityA full-bodied white wine with high alcohol and with flavors of pear and flowers
Xinomavrononoyesno13.5–15% abvhighthe most important grape of naoussa, greece where wine enthusiasts often cite the xinomavro’s similarities to the nebbiolo grape and the collector-worthy wine’s of barolo.raspberryplumanisespicetobaccodrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninhigh acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and spice
Vin Santoyesnoyesno13.5–15% abvhighvin santo or “holy wine” is a rare dessert wine found mostly in tuscany. the grapes are first dried on straw mats to concentrate the sugars and can take as long as 4 years to ferment.perfumefigraisinnutscaramelvery sweetfull bodydessertlow tanninhigh acidityA dessert wine with high alcohol and with flavors of fig and nuts
Merlotnonoyesno13.5–15% abvhighmerlot is loved for it’s boisterous black cherry flavors, supple tannins, and chocolatey finish. on the high end, it’s often mistaken with cabernet sauvignon and commonly blended with it.cherryplumchocolatehersvanillavery drymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of plum and hers
Tannatnonoyesyes13.5–15% abvhightannat is the most planted variety of uruguay where it was studied to determine that it contains some of the highest polyphenols (antioxidants) of all red wines.dryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with high alcohol and with flavors of smoke and plum
Sherryyesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery highthe top fortified wine of spain made primarily with palomino grapes and extended oxidative aging. it’s available in a range of styles of bone dry to very sweet.jackfruitsalinelemonnutsnutsslightly sweetmedium-light bodydessertlow tanninhigh acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of saline and nuts
Grenachenonoyesnoover 15% abvvery highgrenache (aka garnacha) produces rich, flavorful red wines and deep, ruby-tinted rosé. the french have championed this grape in the southern rhône valley but it’s original home is spain!strawberryplumleatherherbsorangedrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redmedium tanninmedium acidityA medium-bodied red wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of plum and herbs
Mauryyesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery highan appellation for the production of vin doux naturel (fortified wine) in the southern roussillon of france. wines must be made with a minimum 75% grenache noir, among others.strawberrypruneearthgingercaramelvery sweetfull bodydesserthigh tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of prune and ginger
Portyesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery highportugal’s flagship; an aged, sweet fortified wine that comes in a wide range of styles, largely based on ageing techniques. commonly seen styles include ruby and tawny.plumcherrychocolateraisincinnamonvery sweetfull bodydesserthigh tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of cherry and raisin
Banyulsyesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery highone of france’s most important sweet, fortified vin doux naturel wines made primarily of grenache and/or grenache blanc grapes with 6 official styles.strawberryprunesearthchocolatemintvery sweetfull bodydesserthigh tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of prunes and chocolate
Madeirayesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery highoxidized, fortified dessert wines from the island of madeira ranging in style from slightly sweet to sweet. wines are incredibly stable and are known to age over 100 years.caramelnutspeachnutsorangesweetfull bodydessertlow tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of nuts and nuts
Pinotagenonoyesyesover 15% abvvery highsouth africa’s own hearty red was created in 1925 and is a cross between cinsault and pinot noir. oddly enough, pinotage is bolder than both its progenitors.cherryblackberryfigmentholmeatdryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninlow acidityA full-bodied red wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of blackberry and menthol
Zinfandelnonoyesnoover 15% abvvery higha fruit-forward-yet-bold red that’s loved for its red fruit flavors and smoky exotic spice notes. originally from croatia and related to top croatian grape, plavic mali.blackberrystrawberrypeachcinnamontobaccodrymedium-full bodymedium-bodied redhigh tanninlow acidityA medium-bodied red wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of strawberry and cinnamon
Marsalayesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery highmarsala is a fortified wine from sicily commonly used in cooking to create rich, caramelized sauces but can also make fine sipping wines, ranging from dry to sweet.apricotvanillatamarindcarameltobaccosweetfull bodydessertlow tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of vanilla and caramel
Vin Jauneyesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery higha rare, oxidized french white with bizarrely unique aromas. occassionally, you’ll find it used in cooking where it adds an indescrible nutty taste to classic french dishes.turpentinepearrosefennelcarameldrymedium-full bodydessertmedium tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of pear and fennel
White Portyesnoyesnoover 15% abvvery highthe most important fortified sweet wine of portugal is made in a range of styles including white, rosé, red and tawny, each with a unique taste profile.spiced pearquincealmondhoneyvanillavery sweetmedium-full bodydessertlow tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of quince and honey
Touriga Nacionalnonoyesyesover 15% abvvery highan increasingly important red from portugal that was originally used in port wines and is now featured in single varietal wines and red blends from the douro valley.dryfull bodyfull-bodied redhigh tanninmedium acidityA full-bodied red wine with very high alcohol and with flavors of flowers and blueberries
Moscatel de Setúbalyesnoyesnounder 10% abvvery lowa rich and honeyed fortified dessert wine made primarily with muscat of alexandria grapes grown on the setúbal peninsula in southern portugal.orangegrapeapricothoneycaramelvery sweetfull bodydessertlow tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very low alcohol and with flavors of grape and honey
Pedro Ximénezyesnoyesnounder 10% abvvery lowthe andalucían grapes responsible for some of the world’s sweetest fortified wines are often dried in the sun to further concentrate the sugars. px sherry on your pancakes, anyone?toffeefigwalnutlemoncoffeevery sweetfull bodydessertlow tanninlow acidityA dessert wine with very low alcohol and with flavors of fig and lemon
Brachettononoyesnounder 10% abvvery lowbrachetto d’acqui is a frizzante (semi-sparkling) sweet red wine from piedmont that’s known for it’s candied and floral aromatics.strawberryorangecurrantapricotcreamsweetmedium-light bodylight-bodied redlow tanninmedium acidityA light-bodied red wine with very low alcohol and with flavors of orange and apricot
Muscat Blancnonoyesnounder 10% abvvery lowan ancient aromatic white variety originally from greece that’s available in many styles, from dry to sweet to still, sparkling, and fortified.orangelemonorangepearflowersslightly sweetlight bodyaromatic whitelow tanninmedium acidityA aromatic white wine with very low alcohol and with flavors of lemon and pear
Rieslingnonoyesnounder 10% abvvery lowan aromatic white variety that can produce white wines ranging in style from very dry to very sweet. germany is the world’s most important producer of riesling.limeapplebeeswaxflowerspetrolslightly sweetlight bodyaromatic whitelow tanninhigh acidityA aromatic white wine with very low alcohol and with flavors of apple and flowers
Txakolinoyesyesnounder 10% abvvery lowa bone dry, slightly spritzy wine from spain’s basque country, produced in three different regions from a host of grapes, most importantly hondarrabi zuri.limestrawberrypeonyherbssalinedrylight bodylight-bodied whitelow tanninhigh acidityA light-bodied white wine with very low alcohol and with flavors of strawberry and herbs
Muscat of Alexandriayesnoyesnounder 10% abvvery lowanother important muscat variety used primarily for dessert wines that delivers slightly more mandarin orange, orange zest and sweet rose notes than muscat blanc.orangehoneylycheepeachflowerssweetmedium bodydessertlow tanninmedium acidityA dessert wine with very low alcohol and with flavors of honey and peach

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