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Old World to Varietal Flashcards

Have you ever been confused about the difference between a Brunello, a Barbaresco and a Barolo? Old World wine names can be confusing. This list below has the most common Old World wine names you’ll encounter. Have a quick look at this list to learn what you need to know. These flashcards will help you get all those names right. 

You will find a link to the non-flashcard version of this article on the right. That article also includes a link to a printable version of these wine names. 

Alicante

This is a wine region along Spain\'s Southeastern coast. It\'s a hot wine region known for Mouvedre. This variety thrives in hot weather. It produces a full-bodied red wine with notable dark fruit and spicy flavors.

Asti

Asti is a sparkling white wine from the Piedmont region of Italy. It\'s named after the town of Asti, in the southeast of the region. The wine is made from the Moscato grape and is sweet and low in alcohol. Typical flavors include peach and citrus.

Barolo

Barolo is made from the Nebbiolo grape. It hails from the town of the same name in the Piedmont region of Italy. Barolo must be aged at least three years. This produces a a medium-bodied red with floral and red fruit flavors.

Barbaresco

Barbaresco is made from the Nebbiolo grape. It hails from the town of the same name in the Piedmont region of Italy. It has to be aged at least two years. In Barabresco, Nebbiolo becomes a medium-bodied red with floral and red fruit flavors.

Bordeaux (white)

White Bordeaux are not as popular as red, but are still noteworthy. It is generally a blend of Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc. These are light-bodied wines with citrus and floral characteristics.

Burgundy (red)

Red Burgundy means Pinot Noir. This region is in eastern France, just south of Beaujolais/Lyon. It is a medium-bodied red wine with tart acid and red berry flavors.

Chablis

Chablis is the northernmost area of Burgundy, in eastern France. It is known for crisp Chardonnays with mineral notes.

Prosecco

Prosecco is a white wine from the Veneto region of Italy. It is most commonly sparkling, but still versions are also made. The primary grape is Glera, but up to 15% of other varietals may be used. Flavors can range from green apple to citrus to honey.

Côtes de Provence

The Cinsault, Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre blend is typical of the Côtes de Provence. Over 80% of the wine from this region in southeastern France is rosé. Typical flavors include melon, rose and juniper.

Côtes du Rhône

This area is known for its Grenache, Syrah and Mourvedre blends. The white blends of Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier are also common here. The wines from this region are known for intense fruitiness and are considered easy to drink.

Empordà

Garnatxa de l\'Emporda is a regional specialty here, a naturally sweet wine made from Grenache. This is a full bodied red dessert wine.

Haut-Médoc

Haut-Médoc is a subregion of Bordeaux. Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are the dominant grape varieties here. These are typically medium to light red wines with intense fruitiness.

Jerez/Sherry

Sherry is the Anglicized version of city name Jerez. Sherry is a fortified white wine usually made from the Palomino grape. Sherry comes in lighter styles such as Fino as well as barrel aged and oxidized styles such as Amontillado and Oloroso.

Lambrusco

There are 8 regions in Italy where Lambrusco is produced. It\'s both the name of the grape and the wine produced from it. Its best known expression is a sparkling fruity red to be drunk while young.

Languedoc (Coteaux du Languedoc )

This wine region in southern France is known for its Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre blend. The most prized versions are full-bodied with dark fruit characteristics. In the past, wine from this region was considered

Margaux

Margaux is a left bank wine growing region in Bordeaux. Cabernet Sauvignon is the predominant grape. Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot and Malbec can also be blended in. The area is known for having the most cru classés houses in Bordeaux.

Médoc

This is a left bank wine growing region of Bordeaux. Its wines feature Cabernet Sauvignon but may also include Merlot, Cabernet-France, Petit Verdot and Malbec. Margaux is a subregion of Médoc.

Montepulciano (d\'Abruzzo)

This is a dry red wine with soft tannins that is produced in the Abruzzo region of Italy. It is primarily made from the Montepulciano grape, but some Sangiovese can be blended in.

Moselle

The Moselle is known for its Riesling, offering citrus and melon flavors. But many other white wine grapes are grown. This is one of the coldest wine regions under commercial production.

Navarra

This region of northern Spain is known for crisp and fruity rosé. Tempranillo and Garnacha are the primary grapes grown here.

Port

Port is a fortified red wine typically made from the Touriga Nacional grape. Over 100 grape varieties can be used to make Port, but only a few varieties are commonly used. The wine region is centered around the Douro River and valley in Portugal.

Priorat

Priorat is a county in southwestern Catalonia. It is known for full-bodied Garnacha. Carignan is also popular in the region.

Rías Baixas

Rías Baixas is a wine region in Galicia, in northeast Spain. The area is known for its high acid Albariño. The wine is low alcohol, medium body and has mineral notes.

Ribera del Duero

Ribera del Duero is known for its Tempranillo. The wine region is two hours north of Madrid.

Rioja

Rioja is a wine region in north-central Spain known for its Tempranillo. The wines are aged in American Oak.

Rueda

Rueda is wine growing region in northern Spain that is known for white wine. The region is primarily known for the Verdejo grape.

Saint-Emilion

Saint-Emilion is a subregion of Bordeaux. Only red wines can have this designation. Merlot and Cabernet Franc are the primary grapes used here.

Sancerre

Sancerre is a French wine region in the eastern Loire Valley. The primary variety here is Sauvignon Blanc with high acid and herbaceous notes.

Sauternes

Sauternes is a sweet wine made of Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle. The grapes have been affected by noble rot, which causes the juice to get more concentrated. It\'s a subsection of the Bordeaux region.

Soave

Soave is a dry Italian wine made from the Gargenega grape. Most is still, but some can be sparkling. Peach, citrus and saline are common flavors in this wine. It hails from the Veneto region around Verona.

Tokaj

This wine region is in Hungary and only produces white wine. Tokaj is a sweet wine and the primary grape is Furmint. There is a nice balance between acid and sweetness in this wine.

Valencia

Valencia is a wine region just south of Catalonia on the western Spanish coast. They are known for full bodied reds. Common grapes include Mourvedre, Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.

Valipolicella

Valpolicella is a red wine made from Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara. A sweet version known as recioto as well as an intense variety made from dried grapes known as Amarone are also available.

Vinho Verde

Vinho Verde is a white wine from the northern province of Minho in Portugal. The name is a refers to the region rather than the grape used to make the wine. Traditionally, Loureiro, Trajadura, Arinto, Avesso, Alvarinho are used to make this wine.

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Old World to Varietal Match List

Check out this list that matches old world names to their varietals.

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